A Shared Future: Fostering Communities of Inclusion in an Era of Inequality

Editors: Chris Herbert, Jonathan Spader, Jennifer Molinsky, Shannon Rieger

More than 50 years after the passage of the Fair Housing Act, what would it take to meaningfully reduce residential segregation and/or to mitigate its negative consequences in the United States? In this volume, leading academics, practitioners, and policymakers grapple with this question, examining different aspects of the complex and deeply rooted problem of residential segregation and proposing contrete steps that could achieve meaningful change withing the next ten to fifteen years.


DOWNLOAD THE FULL BOOK PDF or the individual chapters below.


Fostering Inclusion: Whose Problem? Which Problem?
Xavier de Souza Briggs

PART 1: Defining objectives and the rationale for action

Fostering Inclusion in American Neighborhoods | Read the original paper
Jonathan Spader, Shannon Rieger, Christopher Herbert, and Jennifer Molinsky

Integration as a Means of Restoring Democracy and Opportunity | Read the original paper
Sheryll Cashin, Georgetown University 

Consequences of Segregation for Children's Opportunity and Wellbeing | Read the original paper
Nancy McArdle, diversitydatakids.org; Dolores Acevedo-Garcia, Brandeis University

Challenging Group-Based Segregation and Isolation: Whether and Why | Read the original paper
Jennifer Hochschild & Shanna Weitz, Harvard University

PART 2: What would it take to promote residential choices that result in greater integration?     

Household Neighborhood Decisionmaking and Segregation | Read the original paper
Justin Steil & Reid Jordan, Massachusetts Institute of Technology 

Data Democratization and Spatial Heterogeneity in the Housing Market | Read the original paper
Ralph McLaughlin, Veritas Urbis Economics; Cheryl Young, Trulia 

Minority Banks, Homeownership, and Prospects for New York City's Multi-Racial Immigrant Neighborhoods | Read the original paper
Tarry Hum, City University of New York

Promoting Integrative Residential Choices: What Would It Take?
Maria Krysan, University of Illinois at Chicago; Kyle Crowder, University of Washington

PART 3: What would it take to make new and remake old neighborhoods so that regions move decisively toward integration?

Pathways to Inclusion: Contexts for Neighborhood Integration in Chicago, Houston, and Washington | Read the original paper
Rolf Pendall, Urban Institute

An Equitable Future for the Washington, DC Region? A "Regionalism Light" Approach to Building Inclusive Neighborhoods | Read the original paper
Willow Lung-Amam, University of Maryland 

Two Extremes of Residential Segregation: Chicago's Separate Worlds & Policy Strategies for Integration | Read the original paper
Marisa Novara & Amy Khare, Metropolitan Planning Council 

Can a Market-Oriented City Also Be Inclusive? | Read the original paper
William Fulton, Rice University


PART 4: What would it take for HUD's AFFH rule to meaningfully increase inclusion?       

Affirmatively Furthering Fair Housing: The Potential and the Challenge for Fulfilling the Promise of HUD's Final Rule | Read the original paper
Katherine O'Regan, New York University

The Potential for HUD's Affirmatively Furthering Fair Housing Rule to Meaningfully Increase Inclusion | Read the original paper
Raphael Bostic, Federal Reserve Bank Atlanta; Arthur Acolin, University of Washington

Speaking Truth to Power: Enhancing Community Engagement in the Assessment of Fair Housing Process | Read the original paper
Michael Allen, Relman, Dane, & Colfax PLLC 

The Duty to Affirmatively Further Fair Housing: A Legal as Well as Policy Imperative | Read the original paper
Elizabeth Julian, Inclusive Communities Project 

PART 5: What would it take for housing subsidies to overcome affordability barriers to inclusion in all neighborhoods?

Strategies for Maximizing the Benefits of Housing Subsidies | Read the original paper
Margery Austin Turner, Urban Institute

Expanding the Toolbox: Promising Approaches for Increasing Geographic Choice | Read the original paper
Stephen Norman & Sarah Oppenheimer, King County Housing Authority 

Expanding Access to Homeownership as a Means of Fostering Residential Integration and Inclusion | Read the original paper
Chris Herbert, Shannon Rieger, and Jonathan Spader, Harvard Joint Center for Housing Studies 


PART 6: What would it take for cities experiencing gentrification pressures to foster inclusion rather than replacement?

Can Gentrification be Inclusive? | Read the original paper
Ingrid Gould Ellen, New York University 

We Live Here Too: Incorporating Residents' Voices in Mitigating the Negative Impacts of Gentrification | Read the original paper
Malo Andre Hutson, Columbia University

Inclusion Through Homeownership | Read the original paper
Colvin Grannum, Bedford Stuyvesant Restoration Corporation

What More Do We Need to Know About How to Prevent and Mitigate Displacement of Low- and Moderate-Income Households from Gentrifying Neighborhoods? | Read the original paper
Vicki Been, New York University


PART 7: What would it take to foster residential outcomes that support school integration, and vice versa?  

The Interdependence of Housing and School Segregation | Read the original paper
Anurima Bhargava, Open Society Foundations

Addressing the Patterns of Resegregation in Urban and Suburban Contexts: How to Stabilize Integrated Schools and Communities Amid Metro Migrations | Read the original paper
Amy Stuart Wells, Lauren Fox, Diana Cordova-Cobo & Douglas Ready, Columbia University 

The Social and Economic Value of Intentional Integration Programs in Oak Park, IL | Read the original paper
J. Robert Breymaier, Oak Park Regional Housing Center 

Disrupting the Reciprocal Relationship Between Housing and School Segregation | Read the original paper
Philip Tegeler & Michael Hilton, Poverty & Race Research Action Council

A Shared Future: Fostering Communities of Inclusion in an Era of Inequality